‘FEED’ by Zara Worth and the Virtual Landscape of Social Media

Here at Hey Art What’s Good? we have taken a few opportunities to express our personal interests in the concept of virtual reality (VR) and how it is used in the context of the arts. We discussed VR technology in relation to 1UP North Gaming Expo, on our Instagram when we stumbled upon Zest Theatre’s street performance ‘Player 1’, and in various other conversations both inside and outside of the recording studio.

In this post I would like to consider how the exhibition ‘FEED’ by Zara Worth, which was shown at Vane Gallery, uses apps and social media to convey some of its ideology. The exhibition is a showcase of work by Worth from the last few years. The artist wishes to use her practice to explore our relationship with hand-held technology, social media and online culture. The show was overflowing with metaphor, so there is a lot to unpack, however I am most interested with the artist’s use of Instagram in her work.

“FEED”, the title of which describes both a social media feed and the cultural phenomenon surrounding food and lifestyle online, span across several rooms of Vane Gallery in the centre of Newcastle. The gallery is a crisp white cube space which added to the somewhat sterile aspects of the show. The work was a mixture of wall baised, 3D and audio visual pieces as this was a collection of various different projects Worth has worked on within the same subject area. This exhibition heavily focused the relationship between the impact social media has on society and culture, and vice versa. The crux of this is examining how ideas and values are shared and spread. A large portion of the work used motifs of food (in particular celery) and emojis. Instagram was featured within this several times, images mounted on the wall, spread on tables and the subject of moving image. Several television sets of varying size, shape and model displayed the same or similar footage of Worth’s instagram feed and videos she had posted on the app. Most of this content involved chopping celery to an obsessive degree, celery being the favourite food of many dieters. Opposite this, there were two rectangular projections, the dimensions of a phone’s touch screen, displaying similar content but to a much larger scale.

At university, I took a module which examined the concepts of landscape within contemporary art. Although I do not doubt that you are familiar with the term ‘Landscape’, these seminars encouraged us to consider the theory that, in the context of contemporary art, landscape is not a physical location but rather a constructed view. This relies heavily on framing, a topic I frequently discuss in Curation Corner. As I have mentioned in previous posts, the act of framing an artwork can completely change how it is read and therefore understood. Framing can take the form of a literal frame but can also include the environment the work inhabits, for example a gallery, a public space, outdoors or indoors, etc.

In the context of ‘Landscape’ and ‘the view’, this theory can be compared to looking through the lens of a camera, looking at the environment through the frame the camera provides. A good photographer knows how to create a successful composition, not by changing their subject but rather by making creative choices that impact how the subject is framed.

A perfect example of the idealised view can be found only 2 ½ hours and 109 miles away from Newcastle in the Lake District. The Lake District is a famous holiday destination in the North West of England. It is known for its lakes, forests and mountains which are so spectacular they have inspired many artists, including poet William Wordsworth (1770-1850), artist John Ruskin (1819-1900) and illustrator and writer Beatrix Potter (1866-1943). This is no coincidence. The land may look natural, but this aesthetic is only maintained through strict conservation that does not permit the land to become wild and restricts the buildings that can be constructed on the land. These rules were put in place to create the perfect Victorian resort. It is no accident that whenever rambling along a lake side or clambering to the top of a peak the surrounding view is phenomenal. This is a result of the Victorians (famous for their love of gardens) curating the landscape to create the perfect view. The environment is therefore synthetic, specifically designed to be framed and seen from specific vantage points to create a specific view. For this reason the land can be described as a landscape.

Think of this in relation to Social Media: the most successful posts are often also the most aesthetic. In this virtual landscape, it does not matter how beautiful or brilliant our physical reality is unless it can be successfully translated into the language of the virtual, framed by the platform. A photograph will only make a successful Instagram post if the subject of the photograph can be translated into a ‘view’ or ‘landscape’. A tweet will only gain traction if it can be framed with the correct grammar, emojis, and hashtags. In addition to this, social media posts must then be framed by the social and political climate of the virtual landscape as a whole, which in turn only exists in direct comparison to our reality.

For this reason, I believe that social media is a virtual reality that exists as a landscape. This is the landscape that Zara Worth’s work inhabits in her exhibition “FEED”. Worth included Instagram posts, QR codes and an app which reveals digital aspects of the work in this exhibition. Many galleries now expect their visitors to take photographs of the artwork upon their visits, however, Worth takes this to the next level by introducing technological elements which encourage the audience to have their phones in hand and engage with the work through the lens of their camera phone. By doing this, Worth was creating an additional framework for her work to inhabit. Here the artist is forcing her audience to participate in a digital, virtual landscape and interact with the concept of a view.

Worth has not created this landscape, but is utilising what already exists, bringing it to the forefront of her creative exploration. This encourages her audience to not only no notice what will normally go unseen, but more importantly encourage them to discuss it. This discussion is important as it is only by identifying this landscape can we use and enhance it. So often we hear about social media using us, the users, for its own gain. Whether it be through exploiting our personal data or the ad revenue we provide them with. I, rather optimistically, believe that if one has a better understanding of the way social media works as a virtual reality and its relationship with our physical reality we may be able to combat the issues surrounding this. Art can be the perfect platform to address these ideas. By placing Instagram in the gallery the app was framed in a different light. As Instagram is my favourite social media, I was shocked to find that in the gallery it came across as cold and manipulative in the context of Worth’s work. The heart-icon ‘Likes’ and the ‘followers’ became much less real and much more disconnected than when I have used the app myself. By changing the frame, my relationship with the app became different.

Perhaps simply becoming more aware of the realities that we inhabit and choose to invest our time into, the social media user can become more attune to the frameworks put in place to curate the virtual experience. Now, in the digital revolution, we exist in a duel reality, partly invested in the virtual whilst grounded in the physical. However, the everyday citizen of the social media landscape may be happily unaware of the ‘view’ that is presented and the impact this has on both realities. It is important to be aware of these elements, gain an understanding of how the social media user may be manipulated and question why this may be. Only through doing this can we utilise the ‘view’ of social media.

Worth’s work is thought provoking and engaging. If you did not have the opportunity to see the exhibition at Vane Gallery, you can access the archive via the link provided. I have also included Zara Worth’s socials:

 

Vane Gallery: vane.org.uk/past-exhibitions/feed

Zara Worth: www.zaraworth.com/about.html

                        Instagram @zara_worth

 

-Rosie Stronach

Some Further Thoughts: ‘Rift’ by Mani Kambo

Art and dreams have walked hand in hand throughout history. Prevalent across the arts from literature such as Mary Shelley’s ‘Frankenstein’ (1823) which famously came to her in a dream, to cinematic classics like the Hollywood adaptation of ‘The Wizard of Oz’ (1939) which used Technicolor to contrast the drab black and white reality that Dorothy inhabited when back in Kansas, to becoming the key focus of ‘Surrealism’, the 20th-century avant-garde movement concerned with exploring the subconscious. The meaning and existence of dreams has been the subject much scientific, social and artistic study. Whether dreams reveal aspects of our subconscious which we may otherwise be unaware of or if they are simply helping us process our day to day experiences they have been responsible for much creative contribution and no doubt will continue to do so.

Dreams can exist without time, coherence, narrative or form. There exists an idea that to enter a dream is not to create something new but rather a state of being that we are always somewhat a part of and are free to slip in and out of. This idea suggests that there is a stream of abstract consciousness that is constantly taking place that we can enter into a leave at will. This then gives the impression that we each have the capacity to abandon this reality and enter into a new one. We can do this not only through differing our physical state, such as sleeping, but also through the creation and exploration of the arts. ‘Rift’ could be a perfect example of this as through her chosen mediums and motifs Mani Kambo invites her audience to enter into her dreamscape.

This is most prevalent in Kambo’s audio visual piece. Kambo explained to us that she sees herself as mainly a digital artist whose practice is largely concerned with the moving image. The film exhibited in ‘Rift’ is an abstract sequence of film, photography and animation seeped in bold imagery that is coherent with the other elements of exhibition. The film is played on four sheets of fabric that hang an equal distance from each other in the centre of the room. As he projection hits each sheet of netting the images become enlarged and more distorted as the light passes through the fabric. The true beauty of this piece is that the viewer can not only walk around the film, watching as it changes from every perspective in the room, but they can also walk through it, literally entering into the landscape. As the light hits the viewer as they walk between the silk-like hangings one could argue that they then become part of the dream. As the film surrounds the viewer they can allow themself to become completely immersed. By doing this, they are inhabiting both this physical reality and the dream world that Kambo has constructed. This could therefore be a visual representation of slipping from the conscious to the subconscious, this physical landscape to a dreamscape, as seamlessly as drifting in and out of sleep.

One could even argue that all art is a dream, a dream that is becoming realised and grounded in reality as an artist translates the language of dreams into their own visual language with which they can communicate to a wider audience. There seems to be an overlap between. Examining Kambo’s work, one could explore art as a means of attempting to inhabit more than one reality at once. The ‘Rift’ that the title of the exhibition is referring to could be this pace between what is real and what is a dream, the space where one can exist within both.

Dreams are such an evocative subject matter I have left some resources and further reading so that you can delve a little deeper into the world of dreams within art.

– Rosie Stronach

 

Further Reading:

MoMA Learning: Surrealism

If you’re interested in how the practice of surrealism in the 20th century related to the study of dreams the Museum of Modern Art has information online at MoMA Learning. The link provided below offers information writings of psychologist Sigmund Freud inspired this movement as well as offering some activities that you can have a go at to pursue this subject more!

https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/themes/surrealism/tapping-the-subconscious-automatism-and-dreams

 

Front Row on Radio 4: How do dreams become art? (6 September 2018)

This 12 minute discussion examines various different elements of dreams including, what they may be, what they can do, what they have inspired and the future study of dreams. This could be a fantastic starting point if you are interested in the study of dreams or perhaps want to start examining dreams in your own creative ventures…

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p06kg9wq

 

BBC Arts: Neon dreamland: Atmospheric photographs of Tokyo after dark (19th September 2018)

The cityscapes that photographer and art director Liam Wong captures exist in the space between landscape and dreamscape. His images of Tokyo resemble fantastical sci-fi backdrops or the setting of a futuristic video game in their dynamic use of colour and composition.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/5Lnn9Lg48jv1RvvvLnKKrJK/neon-dreamland-atmospheric-photographs-of-tokyo-after-dark

 

Fantasia (1940), So Much More than a Magician’s Apprentice

In this week’s podcast we talked about Bridges, an animation that follows the journey of a fisherman as he travels up and down the river Tyne. Ed Carter wrote the music alongside the great Northern Symphonia to create the conversations between the boatman and each bridge along the Tyne. If you haven’t already seen the podcast I would encourage you to hop to it!

Seeing this piece at the Great Exhibition of the North reminded me of the power of animation and music, specifically classical music has when they are together. Many people would argue that classical music is a genre of music that can be rather inaccessible and people are put off by the ridiculously wordy names of the pieces (which can be intimidating). But classical music is in many other things we love, particularly movie soundtracks (I’m looking at you Pirates of the Caribbean) and I would argue that animation can make it easier to interact with.

When I was young, one of my favourite movies was Fantasia (1940). Fantasia combined a classical music soundtrack of well known pieces and created animated stories based on them. Originally used to promote Mickey Mouse (who appears as the sorcerer’s apprentice), it initially didn’t reach the acclaim that was intended. But due to it being rereleased and remastered over the years, in 1998 the American Film Institute ranked it as the 5th greatest animated film in their top 10.

I can’t remember how many times I’ve seen this movie but it has inspired me in so many ways and opened up the world of classical music to me. I didn’t know the names of the composers or what the orchestra was called, I just liked the one about the flowers or the one about the flying horses. It wasn’t until years later that I found out what the names of the pieces of music actually were. But then it wasn’t so much about what the music was called and who did it best. It was about bringing the music alive and into a visual format that always works so well; animation. Some of the pieces tell a definite story like the mystical countryside of Beethoven’s pastoral suite (one of my favourites) and other pieces were more abstract images.

One such abstract piece is the intermission part. A line called the soundtrack, which is shy at first, is given many different types of instruments and pieces of music to visually demonstrate. It translates the feeling of the music it into patterns and colours.

The line is given a sort of personality through the animation and the musical expression, very similar to the lines and patterns present on each of the bridges of the river Tyne. This is why animation works so well for music because it isn’t bound by reality, it can create anything in relation to the music, however abstract. Ed Carter alongside Novak who did the animation for Bridges were able to create different personalities for each bridges which was very cool to see.

I hope that people are able to look past all the fancy names and worrying about not ‘getting’ or understanding classical music. Classical music is such an art form that shouldn’t be about getting it right. Like any piece of art it’s about how it makes you feel. I believe animation and seeing things helps to see what the music may be about and encourage others to paint their own pictures in their minds eye. If you can, please try and see all of Fantasia (1940) if you haven’t already, it is such a masterpiece.

Ellie :0

Soundtrack intermission Fantasia (1940)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NTM48pwoXAo

Can you think of any other pieces of classical music and animation matches? Or have any thought? Please send your responses to heyartwhatsgood@gmail.com

Some Further Thoughts: Idea of the North, ‘Women by Women’

Women by Women Exhibition

Women by Women is an exhibition currently being held at the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art in Gateshead. I visited this exhibition with Alice, Ellie and Rosie when we all went to see Phil Collins’ Ceremony. I found this exhibition to be particularly interesting as it showcases the lives of women in the North East from different periods in the 1970s up to the early 2000s.

Growing up in the North East myself, very rarely have I actually seen much documentary photography based on the area, much less the women who live here. In fact, the exhibition points out that the North of England has been very much focussed on the men as both subjects and photographers, not the women. It aims to shine a light on the working class women in the area over the space of three decades and bring women into the picture.

A term used in the exhibition is ‘celebration over crucifixion’ – meaning that the objective is to celebrate the women and their unique life experiences instead of judge them for it.

There are five different photographers who feature in this exhibition, they include Sirkka-Liisa Konttinen,  Tish Murtha, Markéta Luskačová, Izabela Jedrzejczyk and  Karen Robinson. Unfortunately, when we visited half of the exhibition room was cordoned off due to a leak in the ceiling, so I didn’t get a good look at the works of Karen Robinson and some of the works of Sirkka-Liisa Konttinen.

Marketa Luskacova – Beaches (1978)

Luskacova’s exhibition Beaches was shot in 1978 after she was approached by Amber member Murray Martin. She was asked to photograph around the North East and document the working class culture here.

In her exhibition, her work showcased the beaches in the North East and the people who visit them. She described the beaches to be “like no other beaches in the world”. She shot a lot of her work in the local town of Whitley Bay and captures the regular working class people enjoying the beach.

It was fascinating to see how one of the beaches I visited often as a child looked then and has changed now. At the same time, it doesn’t look to have changed too much, it’s still a small town beach where lots of working class families come together to enjoy on a summer day.

Sirkka-Lissa Konttinen – Writing in the Sand (1970s-1990s)

The work here was part of a 1991 exhibition and was made to coincide with the Amber Films’ Writing in the Sand.

The work shot for this exhibition was shot over a period of 17 years which makes it truly fascinating to look at. Konttinen travelled around the different beaches and coastal towns of the North East, ranging from Druridge Bay to Hartlepool. Like Luskacova, Konttinen loved Whitley Bay the most. In fact, she loved it so much that she even lived there for 7 years!

One of my favourite photos from Konttinen’s work features three elderly women standing together on a beach showing off their legs and laughing. It’s such a happy photo and embodies the warmth and community of the North East working class community. Despite the fact that the 1970s was an economically tough time for the North East, this photo shows that the area wasn’t all doom and gloom.

Isabela Jedrzejczyk – Jungle Portraits (1981)

Jedrzejcyzk’s work was shot in the long gone “Jungle” of North Shields’ Northumberland Arms pub. The pub was a favourite of Isabela’s and other Amber / Side Gallery photographers. She describes the character of the pub as a result of it being a hotspot for “foreign crews, sailors and shipyard workers as well as the local habitues.”

Before the pub was demolished, it served as a makeshift gallery for Jedrzejcyzk’s portraits. It became lovingly known as “the rogue’s gallery”. Seeing as this place was long gone before I was even born, it was very interesting to learn about this local hotspot. While it may have been a “rough” pub to visit, it sounds as though it was a melting pot of cultures where people from around the world would meet fleetingly to enjoy a local North East pub.

Tish Murtha – Youth Unemployment in the West End of Newcastle (1980)

Tish’s work was the result of a Side Gallery commission back in 1979. This was different to the other photographer’s work in the exhibition as it was a deeply personal project for Tish. It documented not just the lives of working class women from the North East, but Murtha’s own siblings.

The work is a criticism and condemnation of the Youth Opportunities Programme put in place by the government in the 1970s. The people enrolled in the programme were technically termed as being employed, when they were in fact very much out of work. Since they were officially ‘employed’, they never entered the unemployment statistics, in a clear bid for the government to cover up the unemployment crisis in the North East in the 1970s.

Her work shows desolate and barren areas of Newcastle’s West End where many young people’s lives have been deeply affected by youth unemployment. One picture which is my favourite of the exhibition, is titled Karen on overturned chair and shows a young woman sitting on an overturned armchair in the middle of a smoky street surrounded by rubble, rubbish and two young boys in the background. I think it perfectly encapsulated the situation of the time as the girl looks utterly defeated in her desperate surroundings.

I’m sad that I didn’t get to see the remaining photos in the exhibition which features another by Konttinen titles Byker and one by Karen Robinson titled All Dressed Up. I will definitely try to go back before the exhibition ends to get a good look at them.

Overall, I loved this exhibition for showcasing the lives of ordinary women in the North East over a series of decades. For a long time, men have been the sole focus of Northern photography, and it’s refreshing to see how women’s lives have been in the area. I would certainly recommend this exhibition to anyone visiting the Baltic any time soon.

– Amy Smith

Curation Corner: Framed by the Gallery

Hey guys, what’s good? In this week’s episode myself, Alice and Ellie talked about ‘North East Style’ By Sophie Lisa Beresford which is currently showing at the Abject Gallery. Much to our surprise and delight, we left the exhibition preview feeling empowered and highly motivated. Perhaps the feeling that can be equated to that of walking home from a really good night out. Part of this was due to the nature of the exhibition, which incorporated wall based work, sound, moving image and performance showcasing a niche form of Northern identity and encouraging a sense of Northern pride. But I feel a lot of the good vibes we walked away with can be accredited to the enthusiastic and energetic artist herself.

When talking to the Beresford, she explained that some of the contributors of the show, in particular the artists who created the album artwork that was exhibited, would not class themselves as an artist in the traditional sense. It was therefore the aim of Beresford to use her position as an artist to use the gallery space to help showcase these works of art and help these individuals give value to their work. She explained to me in conversation that the reason they may not feel this way is because of the informal form their art takes. Many of these artists are far removed from the ‘high-art’ scene, which as we have mentioned a few times here on Hey Art, What’s Good?, can be unapproachable to the average person. Beresford wants to celebrate her culture and enable others to do the same. For her, a big part of this is helping creative people who do not associate their work with art galleries and the arts scene understand that their work is important and should not be overlooked.

This resonated with me as an artist. At university I met a visiting artist named Kerry Morrison who explained to me that she felt her role as artist within her community was as important as the local shopkeeper, policeman, doctor or postman. But in order for this to be a reality she needed to use her position as artist to benefit her community and create art that was for her community. This dictated a lot of her art practice and motivated her to make art that was accessible for all. It was through meeting Morrison that I began to understand that art is not for everyone by default and as contemporary artists it is up to us to choose to make our work accessible. Sophie Lisa Beresford also has an understanding of this and is using her role as artist to address issues close to her own heart: that the contemporary arts scenes can be exclusive and therefore is not currently for all practicing creatives. There is an injustice in this that I can most certainly agree with.

‘North East Style’ takes objects, music and video that one would not normally expect to see in a gallery and uses the power that the gallery has to give it a higher value within art and culture. People understand that when something is in a highly curated space, such as a gallery or a museum, that it is something of value that they should respect. An audience understand that someone else has taken the time to place it in the space and therefore expect it to hold some value. The gallery reframes the object, changing how it is understood.

Another artist who has used the gallery to subvert how we value art is contemporary artist and 2001 Turner Prize winner Martin Creed. The specific artwork that was brought mind was his 1994 piece ‘Work No. 88’ which consisted of an A4 sheet of paper crumpled into a ball. There are many ways to interoperate this piece, but to me, this is the perfect example of the gallery, and the artist, elevating the value of an object simply through their own intervention. The prestige that is associated with the gallery and the artist change what this object is. Creed has expressed that he is of the opinion that anything can be art if it is understood as such. Here, what could be classed a piece of rubbish has been elevated to a piece of art simply by framing it in a gallery setting. The expectations an audience have when something is placed within a gallery setting denote it as art. Creed used ‘Work No. 88’ to really examine what could be art, pushing the boundaries that the power of the gallery, and by extension the artist, present. ‘Work No.88’ does not necessarily ask an audience to reconsider what they understand as art, but rather addresses the fact that an artwork can be created simply through its environment and the way it is framed. Whether you think it is art or not, it certainly completes this purpose.

work88b
(Martin Creed, Work No. 88, http://martincreed.com/site/works/work-no-88)

Considering this, I think the work that Sophie Lisa Beresford is doing for her community is of the utmost importance. She is using her position as a contemporary artist to reach out to other artists and creatives and support them in their practice. Not only does this exhibition bring a subculture to the forefront of art, it encourages artists to understand their true potential and the value of their work. By reframing the work that already exists, Beresford is inviting an audience to appreciate what she has always understood to hold value. I by no means wish to imply that the gallery is the ultimate goal as it most certainly is not. But perhaps by seeing their work framed in the context of the gallery they may be able to celebrate the worth of their work.

In relation to the gallery visitor, this may not encourage those who would not normally go to the gallery to pay Abject a visit, however it may encourage those who do attend art exhibitions regularly to rethink what they understand to be art. The work exhibited in this exhibition is aesthetic with a clear message and some tongue in cheek humour. I truly believe that Beresford has succeeded in translating a street subculture which can often be dismissed or overlooked into a thing of beauty and value.

         Rosie Stronach

Martin Creed interview: ‘Art is anything used as art by people’ by Kate Kellaway

www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2014/jan/26/martin-creed-interview-art-retrospective

Martin Creed Work No. 88

www.martincreed.com/site/works/work-no-88

 

Living in a Northern Town

This week we went to see Double Dropping on a Phantom Island by Michaela Cullen and Declan Colquitt at The Newbridge Project, which is part of their ‘Life in a Northern Town’ series of exhibitions. This prompted me to consider my own life and experiences living in a northern town. I live in Gateshead, specifically in an area called Bensham, which is just across the river from Newcastle. This is a place I’ve lived all of my life really, and as such I’ve seen it change quite a bit over the years.

An example of this change are the entire blocks of streets that have been entirely demolished in the past few years, just down the street to my home. Dunsmuir Grove and Westminster Street no longer really exist, and neither do several personally notable establishments. No more Bensham Booze, the off-licence where my siblings and I bought our first legal drinks when we turned 18; no more Graham’s, the favourite takeaway of my childhood best friends dad; no more Basudev’s newsagents, where my parents had been getting newspapers delivered from for years. One thing that is still standing in the area though, amazingly, is a phone box that is older than me. I couldn’t tell you if it works or not.

CNV00017

I’ve taken countless photos of the area I live, and I know I will keep on taking more, because its an area that is constantly changing. I want to be able to document its growth, its destruction and its development.

Ultimately I think it’s a shame that houses here are being knocked down: this type of terraced housing has always screamed ‘Northern’ to me, oftentimes being the homes of miners and working class people, and their being replaced by newer, smaller and ultimately uglier and more expensive ‘modern’ housing saddens me a bit.

This of course isn’t an in depth and particularly artistic response to ‘Life in a Northern Town’, but I always welcome the opportunity an art exhibition gives for a bit of reflection on the subject matter and your own life.

Alice

Life in All its Vanity and Fullness is Art, the Highest Art

If life is art, then the documentary Ceremony by Phil Collins at the Baltic very much qualifies. Ceremony is a documentary composed of three parts; the transportation of a statue of Friedrich Engels across Europe to Manchester, the stories of the modern Manchester working class and the celebration of the statue being installed. Engels is known as one of the authors of the Communist Manifesto alongside his friend, Karl Marx. But before this in 1845, Engels lived in Manchester and wrote with Marx The Conditions of the Working Class in England based upon the working class living in Manchester at that time. The themes of temporary work and education that is influenced by the politics and religions of the ruling class in Engels work are still relevant for 2017, when the film was first released. One major difference however is that instead of just being a writers topic, the documentary brings the lives of the people into the forefront of the story. The experiences of people translated into art is a way of prompting action or a response and is the main area I will be looking at. (Well done for getting past the first paragraph, I can only write like a scientist. My apologies).

Ceremony Image(http://baltic.art/whats-on/phil-collins)

Of course people’s living conditions is a popular theme in art. Even Charles Dickens did this, specifically in his novel Nicholas Nickleby. Written in 1838-1839 it strongly critiques the Yorkshire boarding schools of the time. One in particular served as his inspiration: Bowes Hall Academy. This school had horrendous living conditions for its wards and was a representative of most at that time. Dickens witnessed students being beaten, widespread blindness and evidence of death. Charles Dickens used this experience to add depth to his characters; for example Smike the maltreated student, and the vicious headmaster Wackford Squeers. Eventually in 1840, many of these schools went out of business, and the gathered attention on this system by Dickens’ book arguably played a part in this. Dickens was known for his descriptions on a lot of the living conditions of the lower classes during this time and through his personal experiences of poverty.

SBGN(https://www.vice.com/en_uk/article/dp5gwq/shy-bairns-get-nowt-inside-britains-biggest-foodbank)

Unfortunately poverty is also still present today. In 2014-2015 a documentary called Shy Bairns Get Nowt by Vice looked into food poverty in the UK. A food bank, located in the West End of Newcastle, was giving food parcels to 1000 people per week. The documentary primarily followed ‘Barry’ as he used this food bank. We get to know Barry more and more as the documentary goes on and we build up a closer depiction of what he is going through. Other people who use the foodbank and help there are also interviewed throughout the documentary. It represents these people’s reality in a way that evokes a response in you, which I believe art should do. Food poverty is a hidden aspect of society that can affect anyone. The title ‘Shy Bairns Get Nowt’ is a Geordie proverb meaning if you don’t ask you don’t get anything. How much that applies to the people who would rather starve than use a foodbank or a wider acknowledgement of the Shy Bairns of society that are ignored is anyone’s guess.

emma-goldman(https://libcom.org/history/emma-goldman-condensed-timeline)

A major champion of ‘reality encased in beauty and truth’ (Joseph Ishill, 1931) is Emma Goldman. Emma Goldman was an anarchist feminist who wrote Anarchism and other Essays in 1910 (would recommend). She was a committed activist and lecturer who critiqued many different aspects of society such as religion, the Soviet Union, and women’s rights. She also worked to bring to the American public plays, such as Crime and Punishment by Dostoevsky and works by Oscar Wilde and Bernard Shaw. She believed that great art has always gone to the masses, particularly that art and life are one and the same. She worked at this all her life bringing reality as radical thought into her discussion. Showcasing or creating art about the everyday life, like the examples given is as powerful now as it was back then.

Even if you don’t know about Friedrich Engels, Emma Goldman or Charles Dickens (I didn’t read Nicholas Nickleby, the internet is a wonderful thing). Showing any reality in an artistic format is what I love about art. Ceremony, Nicholas Nickleby and Shy Bairns Get Nowt are all examples of this. It is about showing people’s lives and struggles in a way that makes you think and even act. Which is what art should aim to do.

TL;DR showing people’s lives and experiences, particularly the lower and working classes at the forefront of art pieces is powerful and important.

-Ellie

References I used and further reading:

The Conditions of the Working Class in England and Ceremony

http://studymore.org.uk/xeng1845.htm#57

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2017/jun/30/phil-collins-why-i-took-a-soviet-s tatue-of-engels-across-europe-to-manchesterNicholas

Nicolas Nickleby

Nickleby https://www.bl.uk/romantics-and-victorians/articles/nicholas-nickleby-and-the-yorkshire- schools

Shy Bairns Get Nowt 

Shy Bairns get nowt https://www.vice.com/en_uk/article/dp5gwq/shy-bairns-get-nowt-inside-britains-biggest-f oodbank https://gdblogs.shu.ac.uk/b3023955/2015/05/07/shy-bairns-get-nowt-inside-britains-bigg est-foodbank/

Emma Goldman and art in an anarchist sense

http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/goldman/ishilleg/ishilleg.html

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2010/oct/06/emma-goldman-modern-anar chist

http://rebels-library.org/files/demanding_the_impossible.pdf

http://anarchy101.org/493/what-is-anarchist-art-today

Anarchism and Other Essays– Emma Goldman (1910)

http://www.accidentalcreative.com/creating/the-urgency-of-treating-life-as-art/